1503 – James IV of Scotland and Margaret Tudor were married according to a Papal Bull by Pope Alexander VI. A Treaty of Everlasting Peace between Scotland and England signed on that occasion resulted in a peace that lasted ten years.
1533 – The Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer declares the marriage of King Henry VIII of England to Anne Boleyn valid.
1859 – Big Ben was drawn on a carriage pulled by 16 horses from Whitechapel Bell Foundry to the Palace of Westminster.
1934 – The Glyndebourne festival in England was inaugurated.
1937 – Neville Chamberlain became British Prime Minister.
1942 – In retaliation for the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, Nazis in Czechoslovakia killed over 1800 people.
1952 – Women in Greece were given the right to vote.
1959: Two monkeys, Abe and Baker, became the first living creatures to survive a space mission. (Able died from the effects of anesthesia given for removal of implanted electrodes.)
1964 – The Palestine Liberation Organization was formed.
1971 – Audie Murphy died.
1982 – British forces defeated Argentine forces at the Battle of Goose Green.
2002 – Mars Odyssey found signs of large ice deposits on the planet Mars.
2003 – Peter Hollingworth became the first Governor-General of Australia to resign his office as a result of criticism of his conduct.
2008 – The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly of Nepal formally declared Nepal a republic, ending the 240-year reign of the Shah dynasty.