On This Day

8th August

1503 – King James IV of Scotland married Margaret Tudor, daughter of King Henry VII of England at Holyrood Abbey in Edinburgh, Scotland.

1585 – John Davis entered the Cumberland Sound in search of the Northwest Passage.

1709 – The first documented balloon flight in Europe was demonstrated by Bartolomeu de Gusmão, in Lisbon. It did not end well, but he was the first.

1786 – Mont Blanc on the French – Italian border was climbed for the first time by Jacques Balmat and Dr. Michel-Gabriel Paccard.

1793 – The insurrection of Lyon occured during the French Revolution.

1794 – Joseph Whidbey led an expedition to search for the Northwest Passage near Juneau, Alaska.

1876 – Thomas Edison received a patent for his mimeograph.

1908 – Wilbur Wright made his first flight at a racecourse at Le Mans, France. It was the Wright Brothers' first public flight.

1929 – The German airship Graf Zeppelin began a round-the-world flight.

1942 – The Quit India Movement was launched in India against the British rule in response to Mohandas Gandhi's call for swaraj or complete independence.

1945 - The Nuremberg trials began.

1963 – The Great Train Robbery took place in England: A gang of 15 train robbers stole £2.6 million in bank notes.

1967 – The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is founded by Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand.

1969 – At a zebra crossing in London, photographer Iain Macmillan took the photo that became the cover of the Beatles album Abbey Road.

1973 – Kim Dae-jung, a South Korean politician and later president of South Korea, was kidnapped.

1974 – President Richard Nixon, in a nationwide television address, announced his resignation from the office of the President of the United States effective noon the next day.

1979 – Nicholas Monsarrat died.

1988 – Princess Beatrice of York was born.

1991 - Beirut hostage John McCarthy was freed after more than five years in captivity.

1991 – The Warsaw radio mast, at one time the tallest construction ever built, collapsed.

2008 – The 2008 Summer Olympics opened in Beijing.

2010 – A mudslide in Zhugqu County, Gansu, China, killed more than 1,400 people.