On This Day 1942 to 2005

23rd July

1942 – The Treblinka extermination camp was opened.

1961 – The Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) was founded in Nicaragua.

1967 – Riots broke out in Detroit, Michigan, one of the worst riots in United States history, by the end 43 people were killed, 342 injured and 1,400 buildings burnt to the ground.

1974- The military government in Greece collapses and the former prime minister Constantine Karamanlis was invited to return.

1982 – The International Whaling Commission voted to end commercial whaling by 1985-86.

1983 – The Sri Lankan Civil War began with the killing of 13 Sri Lanka Army soldiers by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam. In the subsequent government-organised pogrom of Black July, about 1,000 Tamils were slaughtered, some 400,000 Tamils fled to neighbouring Tamil Nadu, India and many found refuge in Europe and Canada.

1984 – Vanessa Williams became the first Miss America to resign when she surrendered her crown after nude photos of her appeared in Penthouse magazine.

1986 – Prince Andrew, Duke of York married Sarah Ferguson at Westminster Abbey, London.

1995 - Britain sent 1,200 troops to relieve the besieged Bosnian capital, Sarajevo.

2005 – Terrorist bombs in the Naama Bay area of Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, killed 88 people.