Showing posts from July, 2017

On This Day

31st July

1498 - On his third voyage to the New World, Christopher Columbus "discovered" the island of Trinidad.

1703 - Daniel Defoe was placed in a pillory for the crime of seditious libel. He had ruthlessly satirised the High Church Tories in a pamphlet, but allegedly, instead of throwing rotten veg and fruit at him, the crowd threw flowers.

1741 – Charles Albert of Bavaria invaded Upper Austria and Bohemia.

1790 – The first U.S. patent was issued to inventor Samuel Hopkins for a potash process.

1792 - Director David Rittenhouse laid the cornerstone in Philadelphia for the U.S. Mint, the first building of the federal government.

1895 – The Basque Nationalist Party (Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea-Partido Nacionalista Vasco) was founded by Basque nationalist leader Sabino Arana.

1913 – The Balkan States signed an armistice at Bucharest.

1919 – The German national assembly adopted the Weimar constitution.

1938 – Bulgaria signed a non-aggression pact with Greece and other states of…

On This Day

30th July

762 – Baghdad was founded.

1866 – New Orleans's Democratic government ordered police to raid an integrated Republican Party meeting, killing 40 people and injuring 150.

1965 – US President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Social Security Act of 1965 into law, establishing Medicare and Medicaid.

1975 – Jimmy Hoffa disappeared from the parking lot of the Machus Red Fox restaurant in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit, at about 2:30 p.m. He was never seen or heard from again.

2003 – In Mexico, the last 'old style' Volkswagen Beetle rolled off the assembly line.

2006 – The world's longest running music show, Top of the Pops, was broadcast for the last time on BBC Two. The show had aired for 42 years.

2006 – At least 28 civilians, including 16 children were killed by the Israeli Air Force in Lebanon.

2005 - Anthony Walker, a British student was murdered in a racially motivated crime.

2007 - The U.N. Security Council voted unanimously to deploy as many as…

On This Day

July 28th

1540 – Thomas Cromwell was executed at the order of Henry VIII of England on charges of treason. Henry married his fifth wife, Catherine Howard, on the same day.

1794 – French Revolution: Maximilien Robespierre and Louis Antoine de Saint-Just were executed by guillotine in Paris, France.

1821 – José de San Martín declared the independence of Peru from Spain.

1868 – The 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution was certified, establishing African American citizenship and guaranteeing due process of law.

1914 – World War I: Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia after Serbia rejected the conditions of an ultimatum sent by Austria on July 23 following the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand.

1943 – World War II: Operation Gomorrah – The Royal Air Force bombed Hamburg, Germany causing a firestorm that killed 42,000 German civilians.

1945 – A U.S. Army B-25 bomber crashed into the 79th floor of the Empire State Building killing 14 and injuring 26.

1948 – The Flying …

On This Day

26th July

1745 – The first recorded women's cricket match took place near Guildford, England

1803 – The Surrey Iron Railway, arguably the world's first public railway, opened in south London.

1847 – Liberia declared independence.

1944 – The first German V-2 rocket hit Great Britain.

1945 – The Potsdam Declaration was signed in Potsdam, Germany.

1945 - Clement Attlee became Britain's new prime minister after Labour won a sweeping victory. (It's always a bit surprising to think of this when you consider how popular Churchill was during the war. Maybe people just wanted to look to the future and forget the past.)

1952 - Eva Peron died.

1963 - Thousands were killed during an earthquake in the Yugoslavian city of Skopje.

1989 – A federal grand jury indicted Cornell University student Robert T. Morris, Jr. for releasing the Morris worm. He was the first person to be prosecuted under the 1986 Computer Fraud and Abuse Act.

On This Day

25th July

1943 - Italian dictator Benito Mussolini stepped down as head of the armed forces and the government.

1969 - Senator Edward Kennedy plead guilty to leaving the scene of a crime following the Chappaquiddick car crash.

1978 - The first so called 'test tube baby' was born in Manchester, England.

1992 - The Olympic Games opened in Barcelona with all countries present for the first time in modern history.

2000 - 113 people died when Concorde crashed minutes after take-off from Charles de Gaulle airport near Paris. Concorde was out of service for more than a year after the Paris crash, it struggled to attract enough passengers and was retired in October 2003 as it was no longer profitable.

On This Day 1942 to 2005

23rd July

1942 – The Treblinka extermination camp was opened.

1961 – The Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) was founded in Nicaragua.

1967 – Riots broke out in Detroit, Michigan, one of the worst riots in United States history, by the end 43 people were killed, 342 injured and 1,400 buildings burnt to the ground.

1974- The military government in Greece collapses and the former prime minister Constantine Karamanlis was invited to return.

1982 – The International Whaling Commission voted to end commercial whaling by 1985-86.

1983 – The Sri Lankan Civil War began with the killing of 13 Sri Lanka Army soldiers by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam. In the subsequent government-organised pogrom of Black July, about 1,000 Tamils were slaughtered, some 400,000 Tamils fled to neighbouring Tamil Nadu, India and many found refuge in Europe and Canada.

1984 – Vanessa Williams became the first Miss America to resign when she surrendered her crown after nude photos of her appeared in P…

On This Day 1829 to 1929

23rd July

1829 – In the United States, William Austin Burt patented the Typographer, a precursor to the typewriter.

1840 – The Province of Canada was created by the Act of Union.

1892 – Haile Selassie, Emperor of Ethiopia was born.

1903 – The Ford Motor Company sold its first car.

1904 - The first ice cream cone was served.

1914 – Austria-Hungary issued an ultimatum to Serbia demanding Serbia allow the Austrians to determine who assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand. Serbia rejected those demands and Austria declared war on July 28.

1926 – Fox Film bought the patents of the Movietone sound system for recording sound onto film.

1929 – The Fascist government in Italy banned the use of foreign words.

On This Day

1298 – King Edward I of England and his longbowmen defeated William Wallace and his Scottish schiltrons outside the town of Falkirk.

1456 – John Hunyadi, Regent of Kingdom of Hungary defeats Mehmet II of Ottoman Empire in Belgrade.

1894 – The first ever motorized racing event was held in France between the cities of Paris and Rouen. The race was won by Jules de Dion.

1916 – In San Francisco, California, a bomb exploded on Market Street during a Preparedness Day parade killing 10 and injuring 40. The true identity of the bomber (or bombers) remains unknown.

1933 – Wiley Post became the first person to fly solo around the world, traveling 15,596 miles in 7 days, 18 hours and 45 minutes.

1934 – "Public Enemy No. 1" John Dillinger was mortally wounded by FBI agents, outside Chicago's Biograph Theatre.

1942 – The systematic deportation of Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto began.

1944 – The Polish Committee of National Liberation published its manifesto, starting the period of Co…

On This Day

21st July

365 – A tsunami devestated the city of Alexandria, Egypt. The tsunami was caused by an earthquake estimated to be 8.0 on the Richter Scale. 5,000 people perished in the Alexandria, and 45,000 more died outside of the city.

1403 – King Henry IV of England defeated rebels to the north of the county town of Shropshire, England.

1545 – French troops landed on the coast of the Isle of Wight.

1904 – Louis Rigolly, a Frenchman, became the first man to break the 100mph barrier on land. He drove a 15-liter Gobron-Brille in Ostend, Belgium.

1925 – In Dayton, Tennessee, high school biology teacher John T. Scopes was found guilty of teaching evolution in class and fined $100.

1925 – Sir Malcolm Campbell became the first man to break the 150mph land barrier at Pendine Sands in Wales. He drove a Sunbeam to a two-way average of 150.33mph.

1969 – Neil Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin became the first men to walk on the Moon, during the Apollo 11 mission.

1972 – The Provisional I…

On This Day 1960 to 2005

1968 – The Special Olympics was founded.

1969 - Commander Neil Alden Armstrong, and Lunar Module Pilot Edwin Eugene 'Buzz' Aldrin, Jr. became the first humans to land on the Moon, while Command Module Pilot Michael Collins, orbited above.

1974 - Thousands of Turkish troops invaded northern Cyprus.

1982 – The Provisional IRA detonated two bombs in Hyde Park and Regents Park in central London, killing eight soldiers on ceremonial duty, wounding forty-seven bystanders, and leading to the deaths of seven horses.

1986 – In South Africa, police fired tear gas into a church service for families of those held under the government's emergency decrees.

1989 – Burma's ruling junta put opposition leader Daw Aung San Suu Kyi under house arrest.

1990 - An IRA bomb blew a 10-foot hole in the London Stock Exchange.

1996 – In Spain, an ETA bomb at an airport killed 35.

1998 – Two hundred aid workers from CARE International, Doctors Without Borders and other aid groups left Afghanistan…

On This Day 1712 to 1960

20th July

1712 – The Riot Act took effect in Great Britain.

1859 - American baseball fans were charged an admission fee for the first time. 1,500 spectators paid 50 cents each to see Brooklyn play New York.

1881 – Sioux Chief Sitting Bull led the last of his fugitive people in surrender to United States troops at Fort Buford, North Dakota.

1885 – The Football Association legalised professional football under pressure from the British Football Association.

1903 – Ford Motor Company shipped its first car.

1924 – Tehran fell under martial law after the American vice consul, Robert Imbrie, was killed by a mob enraged by rumours he had poisoned a fountain and killed several people.

1926 – A convention of the Methodist Church voted to allow women to become priests.

1928 – The Hungarian government issued a decree ordering Gypsies to end their nomadic ways, settle permanently in one place, and subject themselves to the same laws and taxes as other Hungarians.

1933 - Two-hundred Jewish merch…

On This Day

19th July

1545 – The Tudor warship Mary Rose sank off Portsmouth.

1553 – Lady Jane Grey was replaced by Mary I of England as Queen of England after having been Queen for just nine days.

1692 – Five women were hanged for witchcraft in Salem, Massachusetts, USA.

1799 – A group of Napoleon Bonaparte's soldiers discovered what is now known as The Rosetta Stone, enabling the translation of hieroglyphics for the first time.

1843 – Brunel's steamship the SS Great Britain was launched, becoming the first ocean-going craft with an iron hull or screw propeller and also becoming the largest vessel afloat in the world.

1870 – France declared war on Prussia.

1947 – Bogyoke Aung San, Prime minister of the shadow Burma government, and 6 of his cabinet along with 2 non-cabinet members were assassinated.

1963 – Joe Walker flew a North American X-15 to a record altitude of 106,010 metres (347,800 feet). Exceeding an altitude of 100 km, this flight qualified as human spaceflight under internat…

On This Day

12th July

55 - Julius Caesar was born.

1543 – King Henry VIII of England married his sixth and last wife, Catherine Parr at Hampton Court Palace.

1812 – The United States invaded Canada at Windsor, Ontario.

1961 – The Panshet and Khadakvasala dams in India burst destroying most of the older sections of the city of Pune. Half of the city was submerged. More than 100,000 families dislocated and the death tally exceeded 2,000.

1962 – The Rolling Stones performed their first ever concert, at the Marquee Club in London.

1998 - Three young brothers, Richard Quinn, 11, Mark Quinn, 9, and Jason Quinn, 7, were murdered in a loyalist arson attack as the stand-off between Orangemen and police at Drumcree in Ireland.

2006 - Hezbollah guerrillas kidnapped two Israeli soldiers and killed eight others in a cross-border raid; Israel sent ground troops into Lebanon in response.

On This Day

10th July

988 – The city of Dublin was founded on the banks of the river Liffey in Ireland.

1040 - Lady Godiva stripped and rode round the streets of Coventry in her birthday suit, to protest the heavy taxation imposed by her husband, Lord Leofric, the Earl of Mercia.
1212 – The most severe of several early fires of London burnt most of the city to the ground.

1460 – Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick defeated the king's Lancastrian forces and took King Henry VI prisoner in the Battle of Northampton.

1553 – Lady Jane Grey took the throne of England for - nine days. Awww bless.

1778 – Louis XVI of France declared war on the Kingdom of Great Britain.

1856 – Nikola Tesla was born.

1913 – Temperatures in Death Valley, California hit 134 °F (~56.7 °C), which is the highest temperature recorded in the United States.

1938 – Howard Hughes set a new record by completing a 91 hour airplane flight around the world.

1940 - The German air force, the Luftwaffe, attacked shipping convoys o…

On This Day

9th July

1982 - The Queen fended off an intruder, when a man broke into Buckingham Palace and spent ten minutes talking to her, in her bedroom!

1991 - The Bank of Credit and Commerce International collapsed, losing about 20 local councils in the UK up to £30m in investments.

On This Day

8th July

1949 – Celebrities Helen Keller, Dorothy Parker, Danny Kaye, Fredric March, John Garfield, Paul Muni and Edward G. Robinson were named in an FBI report as Communist Party members.

1953 – The United States Supreme Court ruled that Washington, D.C. restaurants could not refuse to serve black patrons.

1965 - Ronald Biggs who was serving a 30-year prison sentence for his part in the Great Train Robbery escaped from Wandsworth prison.

1968 – James Earl Ray was arrested for the murder of Martin Luther King, Jr.

1984 – Homosexuality was declared legal in the Australia state of New South Wales.

1996 - Three young children and four adults were attacked by a man with a machete at an infant school in Wolverhampton, England.

2001 – Mamoru Takuma stabbed 8 school pupils to death at Ikeda Elementary School.

2003 - Conjoined Iranian twins, Ladan Bijani and Laleh Bijani (in Persian: لادن و لاله بیژنی ), who had volunteered to go ahead with a major operation to separate them, sadly died du…

On This Day

7th July

1543 – French troops invade Luxembourg.

1947 – The Roswell UFO incident took place.

1967 – The civil war in Biafra began.

1969 – In Canada, the Official Languages Act was adopted making the French language equal to the English language throughout the Federal government.

1978 – The Solomon Islands became independent from the United Kingdom.

2005 - Four bombs were set off on the London public transport system during the morning rush hour, killing 56 people, and injuring 700. It was the deadliest single act of terrorism in the UK since the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 in 1988, which killed 270 people. A group called "Al Qaeda in Europe" claimed responsibility for the attacks.

2006 – The Western Black Rhinoceros, the rarest of the Black Rhino subspecies, was declared extinct by the World Conservation Union, due to poaching.

On This Day

4th July

1776 - The Declaration of Independence was adopted. However, the 4th of July was not declared a public holiday in the USA until 1941.  (PS - Idependence Day is not celebrated in the UK.)

1865 - Alice in Wonderland was first published.

On This Day

3rd July

1844 – The last nesting pair of Great Auks was killed. They were found incubating an egg off Iceland. Jón Brandsson and Sigurður Ísleifsson strangled the adults and Ketill Ketilsson smashed the egg with his boot.

1884 – The Dow Jones published its 1st stock average.

1928 - The first colour television transmission took place in London.

1969 - Former Rolling Stones guitarist, Brian Jones (born Lewis Brian Hopkin-Jones) drowned.

1971 - Jim Morrison, the lead singer of American rock group The Doors, was found dead in a bathtub in Paris of heart failure. He was only 27.

1976 - Israeli commandos rescued 103 hostages held by Arab militants at Entebbe airport, Uganda.

1987 - Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie was sentenced to life imprisonment at a court in Lyon.

1988 - Missiles fired from an American naval warship, the USS Vincennes, brought down an Iranian passenger jet in the Persian Gulf, killing all 290 people aboard.

1996 – The Stone of Scone was returned to Scotland.

2005 –…

On This Day

2nd July

862 – St. Swithun, Bishop of Winchester died.

1698 – Thomas Savery patented the first steam engine.

1776 – The Continental Congress adopted a resolution severing ties with Great Britain although the wording of the formal Declaration of Independence was not approved until July 4.

1777 – Vermont became the first American territory to abolish slavery.

1839 - 53 African slaves being transported to Cuba on the Spanish merchant ship La Amistad revolted against their captors led by Joseph Cinque.

1850 – The self-contained gas mask was patented by Benjamin J. Lane.

1853 – The Russian Army invaded Turkey, beginning the Crimean War.

1881 – Charles J. Guiteau shot and fatally wounded U.S. President James Garfield, who eventually died on September 19.

1897 – Italian scientist Guglielmo Marconi obtained a patent for radio in London.

1900 - The world's first rigid airship was demonstrated by Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin on Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany.

1937 - U.S. avia…