Showing posts from June, 2017

On This Day

30th June

1860 – The 1860 Oxford evolution debate at the Oxford University Museum of Natural History took place.

1908 – The Tunguska event occured in Siberia.

1936 - Gone with the Wind was published.

1934 – The Night of the Long Knives, Adolf Hitler's violent purge of his political rivals in Germany, took place.

1953 – The first Chevrolet Corvette rolled off the assembly line in Flint, Michigan, USA. (I wonder if it was a little red one.)

1960 – Congo gained independence from Belgium.

1963 – A car bomb, intended for Mafia boss Salvatore Greco, killed seven police and military officers near Palermo.

1969 – Nigeria banned Red Cross aid to Biafra, leaving over 4 million people to face starvation.

1971 - Three Russian cosmonauts were found dead in their Soyuz 11 space capsule after it made what looked like a perfect landing in Kazakhstan.

1985 - 39 Americans being held captive by the Shia Muslim Amal militia in Lebanon were released, after almost three weeks in captivity.

1990 – E…

Interesting Fact - Paddington Bear

In 1994, a Paddington Bear stuffed toy was chosen as the first item to pass from the English side of the Channel Tunnel to the French side when the two sides were linked up.

(I wonder if they were confused.)

On This Day

28th June

1922 - 18 year old Ralph Samuelson slapped a pair of sticks on his feet, grabbed hold of a rope behind a boat, and became the world's first waterskier. (His brother Ben operated the powerboat that pulled Ralph along. He broke the original skis in one landing, but his slightly-modified second pair still can be seen at the Water Ski Hall of Fame museum in Winter Haven, Florida.)

1960 - 45 men were killed in a gas explosion at a coal mine in Monmouthshire, Wales.

2004 - The United States handed power back to the Iraqi people at a low-key ceremony in Baghdad.


27th June 2017
Author Michael Bond, creator of Paddington Bear, died aged 91

On This Day

27th June

1967 - The world's first ATM was installed by Barclay's Bank in North London. (We also call the a hole in the wall or a cash machine.)

1986 - The International Court of Justice found the United States guilty of violating international law by supporting Contra rebels in Nicaragua.

1991 - Yugoslav tanks, troops and aircraft rolled into the small republic of Slovenia, 48 hours after it declared independence.

On This Day

26th June

1284 – The legendary Pied Piper led 130 children out of Hamelin, Germany.

1483 – Richard III was crowned king of England.

1870 – The Christian holiday of Christmas was declared a federal holiday in the United States.

1917 – The first U.S. troops arrived in France to fight alongside Britain, France, Italy, and Russia against Germany, and Austria-Hungary in World War I.

1945 – The United Nations Charter was signed in San Francisco.

1948 – The Western allies began an airlift to Berlin after the Soviet Union blockaded West Berlin.

1960 – The former British Protectorate of Somaliland British Somaliland gained its independence.

1963 – John F. Kennedy spoke the famous words "Ich bin ein Berliner" (I am a doughnut), on a visit to West Berlin.

1974 - The bar code, allowing for the electronic scanning of prices, was used for the first time on a pack of gum at a supermarket in Troy, Ohio.

1977 – The Yorkshire Ripper killed 16 year old shop assistant Jayne MacDonald in Leeds,…

On This Day

25th June

1678 – Elena Cornaro Piscopia became the first woman to be awarded a doctorate of philosophy.

1876 – Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer died at the Battle of the Little Bighorn.

1947 – The Diary of Anne Frank was published.

1951 - The first colour TV broadcast took place on America's CBS Network.

1991 – Croatia and Slovenia declared their independence from Yugoslavia.

1996 – The Khobar Towers bombing in Saudi Arabia killed 19 U.S. servicemen.

2006 – Gilad Shalit, an Israeli soldier, was kidnapped in a cross-border raid from the Gaza Strip in Palestine.

2007 – Severe flooding hit England. Parts of Lincolnshire and Yorkshire flooded including Louth, Horncastle and worst affected, Hull.

2009 - Michael Jackson died.

On This Day - 1973 to 2016

23rd June

1973 – A fire at a house in Hull, England, which killed a six year old boy was passed off as an accident; it later emerged that it was the first of 26 deaths by fire caused over the next seven years by arsonist Peter Dinsdale.

1983 - Pope John Paul II privately met banned union leader Lech Walesa, the founder of Solidarity, on a visit to Poland.

1984 - An auction of John Lennon's possessions raised $430,000, including $19,000 for a guitar used while Lennon was with the Beatles.

1985 – A terrorist bomb brought a Boeing 747 down off the coast of Ireland, killing all 329 people on board.

1988 – James Hansen testified to the U.S. Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources that it was 99% probable that global warming had begun.

1991 – Moldova declared independence.

1992 - New York crime boss John Gotti (the Teflon Don) was sentenced to life imprisonment with no chance of parole.

1996 - The Nintendo 64 went on sale in Japan.

2004 - A U.S. lawyer sued Germany in…

On This Day

22nd June

1633 – The Holy Office in Rome forced Galileo Galilei to recant his view that the Sun, not the Earth, is the center of the Universe.

1907 – The London Underground's Charing Cross, Euston and Hampstead Railway opened.

1922 – 19 strikebreakers and 2 union miners were murdered in Herrin, Illinois.

1941 - Hitler's German troops invaded the Soviet Union.

1969 – The Cuyahoga River, in Northeast Ohio in the United States, caught fire, which triggered a crack-down on pollution in the river. Time magazine described the Cuyahoga as the river that "oozes rather than flows" and in which a person "does not drown but decays."

1969 – Judy Garland died.

1978 – Charon, a satellite of the dwarf planet Pluto, was discovered.

1981 - Mark Chapman changed his plea to guilty and admitted he murdered John Lennon in December 1980.

1984 – Virgin Atlantic Airways launched. Its first flight was from London Heathrow Airport.

1987 – Fred Astaire died.

2002 – An earthquake i…

On This Day

21st June

1305 – King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia and Poland died.

1377 – King Edward III of England died.

1652 – Inigo Jones died.

1905, Jean-Paul Sartre was born.

1948 – Columbia Records introduced the long-playing record album (LP) in a public demonstration at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York City.

1964 – Three civil rights workers, Andrew Goodman, James Chaney and Mickey Schwerner, were murdered in Neshoba County, Mississippi, United States, by members of the Ku Klux Klan.

1982 – Princess Diana gave birth to Prince William, heir to the throne.

1985 - Scientists announced that skeletal remains exhumed in Brazil were those of Nazi war criminal Josef Mengele.

2001 – John Lee Hooker died.

2004 – SpaceShipOne became the first privately funded spaceplane to achieve spaceflight.

2009 – Self-rule was introduced in Greenland.

On This Day

20th June

451 – Flavius Aetius' defeated Attila the Hun.

1214 – The University of Oxford received its charter.

1631 – The Irish village of Baltimore was attacked by Algerian pirates.

1685 – James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth declared himself King of England at Bridgwater.

1756 – A British garrison was imprisoned in the Black Hole of Calcutta.

1782 – The U.S. Congress adopted the Great Seal of the United States.

1791 – King Louis XVI of France and his immediate family began the Flight to Varennes during The French Revolution.

1837 – Queen Victoria succeeded to the British throne.

1840 – Samuel Morse received the patent for the telegraph.

1976 - Hundreds of Americans and Britons were moved from Beirut and taken to safety in Syria by the US military, following the murder of the US ambassador.

1979 – ABC News correspondent Bill Stewart was shot dead by a Nicaraguan soldier under the regime of Anastasio Somoza Debayle. The murder was caught on tape and sparked international outcry agai…

On This Day

19th June

1269 – King Louis IX of France ordered all Jews found in public without an identifying yellow badge to be fined ten livres of silver.

1306 – The Earl of Pembroke's army defeated Bruce's Scottish army at the Battle of Methven.

1865 – Over two years after the Emancipation Proclamation, slaves in Galveston, Texas, United States, were finally informed of their freedom. The anniversary is still officially celebrated in Texas and 13 other contiguous states as Juneteenth.

1961 – Kuwait declared independence from the United Kingdom.

1964 – The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was approved after surviving an 83-day filibuster in the United States Senate.

1970 - Edward Heath became prime minister after a surprise victory for the Conservatives in the general election.

1975 - An inquest jury decided Lord Lucan murdered the 29-year-old nanny of his three young children.

1978 – Garfield comic strip was first published. It has grown to over $1 billion in revenue, and is distributed to ove…


19th June

The State Opening of Parliament.

On This Day

18th June

1429 – French forces under the leadership of Joan of Arc defeated the main English army under Sir John Fastolf at the Battle of Patay. This turned the tide of the Hundred Years' War.

1767 – Samuel Wallis, an English sea captain, sighted Tahiti and is considered the first European to reach the island.

1812 - The United States declared war on on the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

1815 – The Battle of Waterloo led to Napoleon Bonaparte abdicating the throne of France for the second and final time.

1858 – Charles Darwin received a paper from Alfred Russel Wallace that included nearly identical conclusions about evolution as Darwin's own. This prompted Darwin to publish his theory.

1873 – Susan B. Anthony was fined $100 for attempting to vote in the 1872 US presidential election. (The 19th Amendment (Amendment XIX) to the United States Constitution, which prohibits each of the states and the federal government from denying any citizen the right to vote beca…

On This Day

17th June

1579 – Sir Francis Drake claimed a land he called "Nova Albion" (modern California) for England.

1631 – Mumtaz Mahal died during childbirth. Her husband, Mughal emperor Shah Jahan I, then spent more than 20 years building her tomb, the Taj Mahal.

1882 - Igor Stravinsky, the Russian composer, was born.

1885 – The Statue of Liberty arrived in New York Harbour aboard the French ship Isere.

1939 – Last public guillotining in France took place. Eugen Weidmann, a convicted murderer, was guillotined in Versailles outside the prison Saint-Pierre.

1940 – The three Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania fell under the occupation of the Soviet Union.

1944 – Iceland declared independence from Denmark and became a republic.

1947 - Pan Am Airways was chartered as the world's first worldwide passenger airline.

1950 - The first documented kidney transplant took place in Chicago, on Ruth Tucker, a 44-year-old woman with polycystic kidney disease. Unfortunately the …

On This Day

16th June

1487 – The Battle of Stoke Field was fought. The final battle of the Wars of the Roses.

1586 – Mary Queen of Scots recognizes Philip II of Spain as her heir.

1779 – Spain declared war on Great Britain, and the siege of Gibraltar began.

1871 – The University Tests Act allowed students to enter the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Durham without religious tests, except for courses in theology.

1883 – Panic broke out at The Victoria Hall theatre, killing 183 children.

1903 – The Ford Motor Company was incorporated.

1915 – The British Women's Institute was founded.

1963 – Russian Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman in space.

1972 – Red Army Faction member Ulrike Meinhof was captured by police in Langenhagen.

1976 – A non-violent march by 15,000 students in Soweto, South Africa turned into days of rioting when police opened fire on the crowd and kiled 566 children.

1992 - Andrew Morton's explosive new book about Princess Diana, including claims …

Interesting Fact - Dithering

According to a poll commissioned by ISA and Scottish Friendly, Brits spend nearly 3 years of their lives dithering.

(The top 5 reasons to dither were:-

Choosing birthday presents.Choosing what to wear on a night out.What to eat for dinner.What to watch on TV.Where to go on holiday.What makes you dither?)

On This Day

15th June

1215 – King John of England put his seal to the Magna Carta.

1667 – The first human blood transfusion was administered by Dr. Jean-Baptiste Denys.

1752 – Benjamin Franklin proved that lightning is electricity.

1785 – Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier, co-pilot of the first-ever manned flight (1783), and his companion, Pierre Romain, became the first-ever casualties of an air crash when their hot air balloon exploded during an attempt to cross the English Channel.

1844 – Charles Goodyear received a patent for vulcanization, a process to strengthen rubber.

1877 – Henry Ossian Flipper became the first African American cadet to graduate from the United States Military Academy.

1909 – Representatives from England, Australia and South Africa met at Lord's and formed the ICC (Imperial Cricket Conference).

1911 – Tabulating Computing Recording Corporation (IBM) was incorporated.

1919 – John Alcock and Arthur Brown complete the first nonstop transatlantic flight at Clifden, County…

On This Day

14th June

1381 – Richard II met leaders of the Peasants' Revolt on Blackheath.

1381 - The Tower of London was stormed by rebels who entered without resistance.

1645 – Battle of Naseby – 12,000 Royalist forces were beaten by 15,000 Parliamentarian soldiers.

1648 – Margaret Jones was hanged in Boston for witchcraft.

1777 – The Stars and Stripes was adopted by Congress as the Flag of the United States.

1789 – Bounty mutiny survivors including Captain William Bligh and 18 others reached Timor after a nearly 7,400 km (4,000-mile) journey in an open boat.

1789 – Whisky distilled from corn was first produced by American clergyman the Rev Elijah Craig. He called it Bourbon because he lived in Bourbon County, Kentucky.

1822 – Charles Babbage proposed a difference engine in a paper to the Royal Astronomical Society entitled "Note on the application of machinery to the computation of astronomical and mathematical tables".

1839 – The village of Henley, on the River Thames in Oxford…

On This Day

10th June

1184 BC – The city of Troy was sacked and burned.

1509 – Henry VIII of England married Catherine of Aragon.

1692 - Salem Village. Bridget Bishop, the first colonist tried in the Salem witch trials, was hanged after being found guilty of the practice of witchcraft. (In 1956 the Massachusetts General Court passed an act exonerating her. Well that's alright then.)

1776 - Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, and Robert R. Livingston were appointed to the Committee of Five to draft the American declaration of independence.

1788 – Russian explorer Gerasim Izmailov reached Alaska.

1955 – Eighty-three people were killed and at least 100 injured after an Austin-Healey and a Mercedes-Benz collided at the 24 Hours of Le Mans.

1959 - The Hovercraft, invented by Christopher Cockerell, was officially launched in Southampton.

1962 – Frank Morris, John Anglin and Clarence Anglin became the only prisoners to successfully escape from Alcatraz Island prison.


On This Day

9th June

62 – Claudia Octavia commited suicide.

68 - Roman Emperor Nero commited suicide.

1934 – Donald Duck makes his debut in The Wise Little Hen.

1958 – Queen Elizabeth II officially opened London Gatwick Airport, (LGW).

1975 - BBC radio broadcast the first live transmission from the House of Commons.

1978 – The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (The Mormons) opened its priesthood to "all worthy men", ending a 148-year-old policy excluding black men.

1985 – Thomas Sutherland was kidnapped in Lebanon (he was not released until 1991).

1999 – The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and NATO (The North Atlantic Treaty Organization) signed a peace treaty.

On This Day

8th June

1949 - George Orwell's book 1984 (Nineteen eighty-four) was published.

On This Day

7th June

1546 - England signed the Peace of Andres with Scotland and Ireland.

1557 - England declared war on France.

1862 - The United States and Britain agreed to suppress the slave trade.

1965 - Sony Corp introduced its home video tape recorder, priced at $995.

1975 - Sony introduced the Betamax videocassette recorder for sale to the public

2012 - Remains of the Curtain Theatre, where some of Shakespeare's plays were first performed, were found under a pub in London.

On This Day

6th June

1944 - The Battle of Normandy began as thousands of Allied troops started landing on the beaches of Normandy in northern Franc: the beginning of D-Day, which was code named Operation Overlord,

1966 - James Meredith, the first black man to brave the colour bar at the University of Mississippi, was shot in the back and legs while on a civil rights march.

1975 - British voters backed the UK's continued membership of the EEC by two-to-one in a nationwide referendum.

1982 – The Lebanon War began.

1984 - Nearly 300 people were killed as Indian troops stormed the Golden Temple in Amritsar, India, which was being held by Sikh militants.

2004 – Tamil was established as a "classical language" by the President of India.

On This Day

5th June

1963 - The Secretary of State for War, John Profumo, resigned from government, resigns over a sex scandal, admitting he lied to Parliament about his relationship with a call girl.

1993 – Parts of the Holbeck Hall Hotel in Scarborough, North Yorkshire, in the UK, fell into the sea following a landslide.

On This Day

3rd June

1539 – Hernando De Soto, Spanish explorer and conquistador, claimed Florida for Spain.

1839 – Lin Tse-hsü destroyed 1.2 million kg of opium in Humen, confiscated from British merchants, providing Britain with a Casus belli to open hostilities with China, resulting in the First Opium War.

1924 – Franz Kafka died.

1937 – The Duke of Windsor married Wallis Simpson.

1940 – The Luftwaffe bombed Paris.

1946 - The first (modern) bikini bathing suit was displayed in Paris. Where else?

1956 – British Rail renamed 'Third Class' passenger facilities as 'Second Class'. Second Class facilities had been abolished in 1875, leaving just First Class and Third Class. (That's Britain for you.)

1989 – Troops attempted to force protesters out of Tiananmen Square after seven weeks of occupation.

On This Day

2nd June

455 – The Vandals entered Rome, and plundered the city for two weeks.

1692 – Bridget Bishop was the first person to go to trial in the Salem witch trials in Salem, Massachusetts.

1793 – Jean-Paul Marat recited the names of 29 people to the French National Convention. Almost all of these people were guillotined, followed by 17,000 more over the course of the next year during the Reign of Terror.

1924 – U.S. President Calvin Coolidge signed the Indian Citizenship Act into law, granting citizenship to all Native Americans born within the territorial limits of the United States.

1946 – Italians voted to turn Italy from a monarchy into a Republic. After the referendum the king of Italy Umberto II di Savoia was exiled.

1953 - Queen Elizabeth II was crowned.

1966 - The United States landed a spacecraft on the Moon on its first try (four months behind the Soviet Union).

1985 - English clubs were banned from playing in Europe indefinitely, after the riot at Brussels' Heysel stadi…

On This Day

1st June

193 – Roman Emperor Didius Julianus was murdered.

1495 – Friar John Cor recorded the first known batch of scotch whisky.

1533 – Anne Boleyn was crowned Queen of England.

1794 – The battle of the Glorious First of June was fought, the first naval engagement between Britain and France during the French Revolutionary Wars.

1869 – Thomas Edison received a patent for his electric voting machine.

1910 – Robert Falcon Scott's South Pole expedition left England.

1922 – The Royal Ulster Constabulary was founded.

1935 – The first driving tests were introduced in the United Kingdom.

1941 – The Farhud, a pogrom against Iraqi Jews, took place in Baghdad.

1942 – The Warsaw paper Liberty Brigade published the first news of the concentration camps.

1967 – The groundbreaking Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band album by The Beatles was released.

1970 - British Prime Minister Harold Wilson was egged.

1974 – The Heimlich maneuver for rescuing choking victims was published in the journ…