On This Day

9th March

1009 – Lithuania was mentioned for the first time (in the annals of the monastery of Quedlinburg).

1566 – David Rizzio, private secretary to Mary, Queen of Scots, was murdered in the Palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh, Scotland.

1831 – The French Foreign Legion was established by King Louis Philippe to support his war in Algeria.

1841 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in the United States v. The Amistad case that captive Africans who had seized control of the ship carrying them to captivity had been taken into slavery illegally.

1925 – The first Royal Air Force operation conducted independently of the British Army or Royal Navy began. It was called Pink's War.

1946 – Bolton Wanderers stadium disaster at Burnden Park, Bolton, England, killed 33 and left hundreds more injured. The disaster led to Moelwyn Hughes's official report, which recommended more rigorous control of crowd sizes.

1959 – The Barbie doll made its debut at the American International Toy Fair in New York.

1961 – Sputnik 9 successfully launched, carrying a human dummy nicknamed Ivan Ivanovich, and demonstrating that Soviet Union was ready to begin human spaceflight.

1976 – Forty-two people died in the 1976 Cavalese cable car disaster: The steel supporting cable of an aerial tramway broke as a cable car was descending from Cermis near the Italian ski resort of Cavalese in the Dolomites. It is the worst cable-car accident to date.

1977 –  In a thirty-nine-hour standoff, armed gunmen seized three Washington, D.C., buildings, killing two and taking 149 hostage.  It became known as the Hanafi siege.
2006 – John Profumo died.  He was probably most famous for the Profumo affair, a scandal, which led to his resignation and withdrawal from politics. Nowadays no one would bat an eyelid.