On This Day

4th May

1493 – Pope Alexander VI divided the New World between Spain and Portugal along the Line of Demarcation. (No one told the New World.)

1494 – Christopher Columbus landed in Jamaica.

1675 – King Charles II of England ordered the construction of the Royal Greenwich Observatory.

1814 – Emperor Napoleon I of France arrived at Portoferraio on the island of Elba to begin his exile.

1904 – Charles Stewart Rolls met Frederick Henry Royce at the Midland Hotel in Manchester, England. (The rest as they say is history.)

1912 – Italy occupied the Greek island of Rhodes.

1932 – Mobster Al Capone began serving an eleven-year prison sentence for tax evasion.

1945 – British forces liberated Neuengamme concentration camp near Hamburg.

1945 – The North Germany Army surrendered to Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery.

1949 – The entire Torino football team (except for one player who did not take the trip due to an injury) was killed in a plane crash at the Superga hill at the edge of Turin, Italy.

1953 – Ernest Hemingway was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for The Old Man and the Sea.

1970 – The Ohio National Guard was sent to Kent State University after disturbances in the city of Kent the weekend before. They opened fire killing four students and wounding nine others. The students were protesting the United States' invasion of Cambodia.

1972 – The Don't Make A Wave Committee, a fledgling environmental organization founded in Canada in 1971, officially changed its name to "Greenpeace Foundation".

1979 - Margaret Thatcher became Prime Minister of the UK, the first female Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

2000 – Ken Livingstone became the first Mayor of London.