1819 – Seventeen people die and over 600 were injured in cavalry charges at a public meeting at St. Peter's Field, Manchester, England, which was held to demand the reform of parliamentary representation. This became known as The Peterloo Massacre.
1902 – Georgette Heyer, English author was born.
1906 – An estimated 8.2 MW earthquake hit Valparaíso, Chile, killing 3,886 people.
1913 – Tōhoku Imperial University of Japan (modern day Tohoku University) becomes the first university in Japan to admit female students.
1946 – Mass riots in Kolkata began, in which more than 4,000 people were murdered over the next 72 hours.
1960 – Cyprus gained its independence from the United Kingdom.
1974 – Punk Rock pioneers The Ramones played their first show in a local New York club called CBGB.
1977 - Elvis Presley died.
2012 – South African police fatally shot 34 miners and wounded 78 more during an industrial dispute near Rustenburg.
1926 - The American Olympic athlete, Gertrude Ederle, became the first woman to swim across the English Channel. It took her 14 hours, 39 minutes to swim the 56 kilometers from France to England. She held the record for 35 years.
1945 - The world's first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima. An estimated 140,000 people were killed by the bomb and its aftermath.
A woman gives flowers to a German soldier leaving for the front, Berlin, August 1914 pic.twitter.com/AbpfIdFCN9
— History In Pictures (@HistoryInPics) August 5, 2014
1944 - Anne Frank was arrested in Amsterdam by German Security Police (Grüne Polizei) following a tip-off from an informer who was never identified.1964 - FBI agents uncovered the bodies of three missing civil rights workers at a dam near Philadelphia, Mississippi.