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Interesting Fact - The equals sign

The = sign was invented by 16th Century Welsh mathematician Robert Recorde, who was fed up with writing "is equal to" in his equa...

Interesting Fact - Marriage

Christina Estrada, a former model, is claiming nearly £200million in her divorce from Sheikh Walid Juffali, a Saudi multi-billionaire.


(In a divorce settlement case that has more twists and turns than a game of snakes and ladders, he actually tried to prevent her claim in the British courts on the grounds that he was entitled to legal immunity because of his diplomatic status as permanent representative to the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) of the Caribbean island of St Lucia, she is demanding such a huge sum as it "reflects the standard of living she enjoyed during her marriage to the Sheikh".

She is trying to justify her rather large claim for the following expenses:-

£55million for a new London home with annual staff costs of £335,558, which would cover a live-in butler, housekeeper, chauffeur, a nanny for the London home together with two cleaners, a chef, a reserve nanny and an office manager.
£4.4million for a second house at Henley.
£2.1million annual travel budget, which includes £600,000 to hire private jets and £247,000 to book the Presidential Suite at the Ritz Hotel in Paris for an October half-term break and of course, £74,230 for the nanny’s room.
£495,000 for five cars, three in London and two in America.
£109,000 for haute couture dresses £50,000 for Christmas dinners for up to 150 guests.
£40,000 for fur coats.
A ‘holiday entertainment’ budget of £160 a day for 76 days a year, said to be based on the price of opera tickets for La Traviata.
Over £80,000 on handbags.
£28,000 a year for three tickets to watch Wimbledon.
£21,000 on shoes.
£9,000 on face cream.
etc. etc. etc

Seemingly he divorced her in 2014 after 13 years of marriage, without her knowledge!

How can you divorce someone and they don't know? I mean he didn't even text her!  

Please settle up you two: Ms Estrada, you're giving women a bad name, and Mr Juffali, you're giving Saudi billionaires a bad name. Did you just grow tyred of her?)


Source

Today

30th June

Social Media Day

Celebrate by sharing. 

On This Day

30th June

1860 – The 1860 Oxford evolution debate at the Oxford University Museum of Natural History took place.

1908 – The Tunguska event occured in Siberia.

1936 - Gone with the Wind was published.

1934 – The Night of the Long Knives, Adolf Hitler's violent purge of his political rivals in Germany, took place.

1953 – The first Chevrolet Corvette rolled off the assembly line in Flint, Michigan, USA. (I wonder if it was a little red one.)

1960 – Congo gained independence from Belgium.

1963 – A car bomb, intended for Mafia boss Salvatore Greco, killed seven police and military officers near Palermo.

1969 – Nigeria banned Red Cross aid to Biafra, leaving over 4 million people to face starvation.

1971 - Three Russian cosmonauts were found dead in their Soyuz 11 space capsule after it made what looked like a perfect landing in Kazakhstan.

1985 - 39 Americans being held captive by the Shia Muslim Amal militia in Lebanon were released, after almost three weeks in captivity.

1990 – East Germany and West Germany merged their economies.

1992 – Former Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher joined the House of Lords as Baroness Thatcher of Kesteven.

1997 – The United Kingdom transfered sovereignty over Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China.

2007 – Ingmar Bergman died.

2007 – A terrorist attack was attempted when a car crashed into Glasgow International Airport in Scotland.

Interesting Fact - Drugs

An advert for Nurofen painkillers, has been banned in the UK for falsely claiming it targets specific types of pain.

(The Advertising Standards Authority received complaints about TV adverts that suggested that Nurofen could target back pain. In one ad which showed a woman experiencing back pain, a voiceover said: “Just a single dose of Nurofen Joint and Back provides you with constant targeted pain relief for up to eight hours.”

In an interesting use of language RB UK Commercial, which owns the Nurofen brand, said the advert did not state or imply specific pain could be targeted and that it was “disappointed” with the ruling. A spokesperson said: “Nurofen pain-specific products were introduced to provide easy navigation of pain-relief options for consumers experiencing a specific type of pain." Please note, they didn't use the word "targeted pain relief".

Actually the term painkiller is misleading.)

Interesting Fact - Shopping

A couple of shopping centres in the UK are going to trial the removal of mirrors in the changing rooms.

(Their rather twisted logic for a mirror-free shopping experience is that 71% of women in the UK decide not to buy an outfit after they see themselves in the mirror!

What? That's because the outfit either doesn't fit them, or doesn't suit them!

I can see a big #fail coming here.)

On This Day

28th June

1922 - 18 year old Ralph Samuelson slapped a pair of sticks on his feet, grabbed hold of a rope behind a boat, and became the world's first waterskier. (His brother Ben operated the powerboat that pulled Ralph along. He broke the original skis in one landing, but his slightly-modified second pair still can be seen at the Water Ski Hall of Fame museum in Winter Haven, Florida.)

1960 - 45 men were killed in a gas explosion at a coal mine in Monmouthshire, Wales.

2004 - The United States handed power back to the Iraqi people at a low-key ceremony in Baghdad.

Interesting Fact - Smoking

According to a Freedom of Information request from the BBC, since the introduction of UK legislation in October 2015 that bans anyone from smoking in cars with children present, no fines have been issued.

(Of course this does not mean that people have suddenly stopped blowing smoke into their children's lungs, it simply means this is yet another unenforceable piece of legislation.)

On This Day

27th June

1967 - The world's first ATM was installed by Barclay's Bank in North London. (We also call the a hole in the wall or a cash machine.)

1986 - The International Court of Justice found the United States guilty of violating international law by supporting Contra rebels in Nicaragua.

1991 - Yugoslav tanks, troops and aircraft rolled into the small republic of Slovenia, 48 hours after it declared independence.

Interesting Fact - Technology

Brits are spending more more than £900 million a year simply keeping our smartphones and tablets charged.

(If that's not bad enough, we waste £134 million a year by overcharging them: According to research commissioned by insurance provider Row.co.uk, part of the problem is overcharging which happens when users plug in their devices overnight.

A massive nine in ten owners keep gadgets on permanent charge, often unaware that overcharging batteries can reduce their lifespan, and under certain conditions lithium-ion batteries can pose a safety hazard. The figures suggest that around 85,000 tonnes of CO2 could be saved if people disconnected as soon as charging was complete.)

Average charging times:-
  • Mobile Phone - 2 hours
  • Laptop, with Express Charge - 2 hours
  • Hand-held vacuum cleaner - 3.5 hours
  • Mp3 player - 4 hours
  • Digital Camera - 2 hours

On This Day

26th June

1284 – The legendary Pied Piper led 130 children out of Hamelin, Germany.

1483 – Richard III was crowned king of England.

1870 – The Christian holiday of Christmas was declared a federal holiday in the United States.

1917 – The first U.S. troops arrived in France to fight alongside Britain, France, Italy, and Russia against Germany, and Austria-Hungary in World War I.

1945 – The United Nations Charter was signed in San Francisco.

1948 – The Western allies began an airlift to Berlin after the Soviet Union blockaded West Berlin.

1960 – The former British Protectorate of Somaliland British Somaliland gained its independence.

1963 – John F. Kennedy spoke the famous words "Ich bin ein Berliner" (I am a doughnut), on a visit to West Berlin.

1974 - The bar code, allowing for the electronic scanning of prices, was used for the first time on a pack of gum at a supermarket in Troy, Ohio.

1977 – The Yorkshire Ripper killed 16 year old shop assistant Jayne MacDonald in Leeds, changing public perception of the killer as she was the first victim who was not a prostitute.

1977 - Elvis Presley gave his last concert.

1991 – The Ten-Day War began in Slovenia.

1996 – Irish Journalist Veronica Guerin was shot in her car while in traffic in the outskirts of Dublin.

2015 - Militants murdered scores of people in seemingly unrelated attacks in Kuwait and Tunisia. The Islamic State group claimed responsibility; the attacks following a message broadcast by Abu Mohammed al-Adnani to: “... make Ramadan a month of disasters for the infidels.” He doesn't seem to know much about Ramadan, does he? Just remember, people can drip their poison into your ears, but only you can decide whether to accept them into your heart.

On This Day

25th June

1678 – Elena Cornaro Piscopia became the first woman to be awarded a doctorate of philosophy.

1876 – Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer died at the Battle of the Little Bighorn.

1947 – The Diary of Anne Frank was published.

1951 - The first colour TV broadcast took place on America's CBS Network.

1991 – Croatia and Slovenia declared their independence from Yugoslavia.

1996 – The Khobar Towers bombing in Saudi Arabia killed 19 U.S. servicemen.

2006 – Gilad Shalit, an Israeli soldier, was kidnapped in a cross-border raid from the Gaza Strip in Palestine.

2007 – Severe flooding hit England. Parts of Lincolnshire and Yorkshire flooded including Louth, Horncastle and worst affected, Hull.

2009 - Michael Jackson died.

Today

The UK voted to leave the European Union.  (It wasn't announced until 24th June, but it was on this day that the polls closed and the seal was set on the breakup of the UK. Watch this space.)

Interesting Food - Cake

According to the Professor Nigel Hunt at the Royal College of Surgeons, “cake culture” in the UK workplace is fuelling the obesity epidemic and contributing to poor dental health.

(As a healthy alternative they are suggesting that workers should bring fruit platters into the office instead of doughnuts, cookies and biscuits. He said, “Cake culture poses difficulties for those who are trying their hardest to lose weight or become healthier - how many of us have begun such diets only to cave in to the temptation of the doughnuts, cookies or the triple chocolate biscuits?”

I agree in principal, but I wouldn't want to be the one to bring a box of apples to work on my birthday, I don't want to be known as Lynney no friends.)

On This Day - 1973 to 2004

23rd June

1973 – A fire at a house in Hull, England, which killed a six year old boy was passed off as an accident; it later emerged that it was the first of 26 deaths by fire caused over the next seven years by arsonist Peter Dinsdale.

1983 - Pope John Paul II privately met banned union leader Lech Walesa, the founder of Solidarity, on a visit to Poland.

1984 - An auction of John Lennon's possessions raised $430,000, including $19,000 for a guitar used while Lennon was with the Beatles.

1985 – A terrorist bomb brought a Boeing 747 down off the coast of Ireland, killing all 329 people on board.

1988 – James Hansen testified to the U.S. Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources that it was 99% probable that global warming had begun.

1991 – Moldova declared independence.

1992 - New York crime boss John Gotti (the Teflon Don) was sentenced to life imprisonment with no chance of parole.

1996 - The Nintendo 64 went on sale in Japan.

2004 - A U.S. lawyer sued Germany in a New York court for $18 billion as compensation for victims of the Holocaust.

On This Day - 1314 to 1972

23rd June

1314 – The Battle of Bannockburn began.

1532 – Henry VIII and François I signed a secret treaty against Emperor Charles V.

1713 – The French residents of Acadia were given one year to declare allegiance to Britain or leave Nova Scotia, Canada.

1757 – 3,000 British troops under Robert Clive defeated a 50,000 strong Indian army under Siraj Ud Daulah at Plassey.

1758 – British forces defeated French troops at Krefeld in Germany.

1794 – Empress Catherine II of Russia granted Jews permission to settle in Kiev.

1845 - The Congress of the Republic of Texas agreed to annexation by the United States.

1860 - The U.S. Secret Service was created.

1868 – Christopher Latham Sholes received a patent for Type-Writer.

1894 – The International Olympic Committee was founded at the Sorbonne, Paris, at the initiative of Baron Pierre de Coubertin.

1942 – The first selections for the gas chamber at Auschwitz took place on a train load of people from Paris.

1955 - The Queen Elizabeth ocean liner set sail for New York on schedule in spite of attempts by striking seamen to delay her departure.

1968 – 74 people were killed and 150 injured in a football stampede towards a closed exit in a Buenos Aires stadium.

1972 – U.S. President Richard M. Nixon and White House chief of staff H. R. Haldeman were taped talking about using the CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) to obstruct the FBI's (Federal Bureau of Investigation's) investigation into the Watergate break-ins.

1972 – 45 countries left the Sterling Area, allowing their currencies to fluctuate independently of the British Pound.

On This Day

22nd June

1633 – The Holy Office in Rome forced Galileo Galilei to recant his view that the Sun, not the Earth, is the center of the Universe.

1907 – The London Underground's Charing Cross, Euston and Hampstead Railway opened.

1922 – 19 strikebreakers and 2 union miners were murdered in Herrin, Illinois.

1941 - Hitler invaded the Soviet Union.

1969 – The Cuyahoga River, in Northeast Ohio in the United States, caught fire, which triggered a crack-down on pollution in the river. Time magazine described the Cuyahoga as the river that "oozes rather than flows" and in which a person "does not drown but decays."

1969 – Judy Garland died.

1978 – Charon, a satellite of the dwarf planet Pluto, was discovered.

1981 - Mark Chapman changed his plea to guilty and admitted he murdered John Lennon in December 1980.

1984 – Virgin Atlantic Airways launched. Its first flight was from London Heathrow Airport.

1987 – Fred Astaire died.

2002 – An earthquake in western Iran measuring 6.5 on the Richter scale killed more than 261 people.

2009 – Two Metro trains on the Red Line crashed in Northeast, Washington, D.C., USA, killing at least six people and causing at least 100 injuries.

On This Day

21st June

1305 – King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia and Poland died.

1377 – King Edward III of England died.

1652 – Inigo Jones died.

1905, Jean-Paul Sartre was born.

1948 – Columbia Records introduced the long-playing record album (LP) in a public demonstration at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York City.

1964 – Three civil rights workers, Andrew Goodman, James Chaney and Mickey Schwerner, were murdered in Neshoba County, Mississippi, United States, by members of the Ku Klux Klan.

1982 – Princess Diana gave birth to Prince William, heir to the throne.

1985 - Scientists announced that skeletal remains exhumed in Brazil were those of Nazi war criminal Josef Mengele.

2001 – John Lee Hooker died.

2004 – SpaceShipOne became the first privately funded spaceplane to achieve spaceflight.

2009 – Self-rule was introduced in Greenland.

On This Day

20th June

451 – Flavius Aetius' defeated Attila the Hun.

1214 – The University of Oxford received its charter.

1631 – The Irish village of Baltimore was attacked by Algerian pirates.

1685 – James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth declared himself King of England at Bridgwater.

1756 – A British garrison was imprisoned in the Black Hole of Calcutta.

1782 – The U.S. Congress adopted the Great Seal of the United States.

1791 – King Louis XVI of France and his immediate family began the Flight to Varennes during The French Revolution.

1837 – Queen Victoria succeeded to the British throne.

1840 – Samuel Morse received the patent for the telegraph.

1976 - Hundreds of Americans and Britons were moved from Beirut and taken to safety in Syria by the US military, following the murder of the US ambassador.

1979 – ABC News correspondent Bill Stewart was shot dead by a Nicaraguan soldier under the regime of Anastasio Somoza Debayle. The murder was caught on tape and sparked international outcry against the regime.

1990 - British Chancellor John Major proposed a new European currency which would circulate alongside existing national currencies.

1991 – The German parliament decided to move the capital from Bonn back to Berlin.

Interesting Date - Fathers Day

According to research company Mintel, Britons spend around £510 million on Mother's Day gifts in 2015, but only £350 million on Father's Day gifts.

(Poor dads!)

On This Day

19th June

1269 – King Louis IX of France ordered all Jews found in public without an identifying yellow badge to be fined ten livres of silver.

1306 – The Earl of Pembroke's army defeated Bruce's Scottish army at the Battle of Methven.

1865 – Over two years after the Emancipation Proclamation, slaves in Galveston, Texas, United States, were finally informed of their freedom. The anniversary is still officially celebrated in Texas and 13 other contiguous states as Juneteenth.

1961 – Kuwait declared independence from the United Kingdom.

1964 – The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was approved after surviving an 83-day filibuster in the United States Senate.

1970 - Edward Heath became prime minister after a surprise victory for the Conservatives in the general election.

1975 - An inquest jury decided Lord Lucan murdered the 29-year-old nanny of his three young children.

1978 – Garfield comic strip was first published. It has grown to over $1 billion in revenue, and is distributed to over 110 countries.

1978 - Cricketer Ian Botham became the first man in the history of the game to score a century and take eight wickets in one innings of a Test match.

1982 – The body of Roberto Calvi was found hanging beneath Blackfriars Bridge in London. More than a week after he went missing from Milan.

1987 – ETA committed one of its most violent attacks, in which a bomb was set off in a supermarket, Hipercor, killing 21 and injuring 45.

Interesting Fact - Physics

According to researchers at Kyoto University cats have a rudimentary understanding of physics.







(The researchers showed how cats would react differently when they shook boxes with something in them, than when they shook empty boxes.

Amazing! Cats reacted to a rattling sound? I don't suppose it occured to them that the shake of a cat  treats container has preconditioned cats to this.) 

On This Day

18th June

1429 – French forces under the leadership of Joan of Arc defeated the main English army under Sir John Fastolf at the Battle of Patay. This turned the tide of the Hundred Years' War.

1767 – Samuel Wallis, an English sea captain, sighted Tahiti and is considered the first European to reach the island.

1812 - The United States declared war on on the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

1815 – The Battle of Waterloo led to Napoleon Bonaparte abdicating the throne of France for the second and final time.

1858 – Charles Darwin received a paper from Alfred Russel Wallace that included nearly identical conclusions about evolution as Darwin's own. This prompted Darwin to publish his theory.

1873 – Susan B. Anthony was fined $100 for attempting to vote in the 1872 US presidential election. (The 19th Amendment (Amendment XIX) to the United States Constitution, which prohibits each of the states and the federal government from denying any citizen the right to vote because of that citizen's sex, wasn't ratified until August 18, 1920.)

1900 – Empress Dowager Longyu of China ordered all foreigners killed, including foreign diplomats and their families, joining the Boxer Rebellion’s campaign to oust Westerners and launch a new “golden age.”

1940 – Winston Churchill gave his "Finest Hour" speech.

1942 – Paul McCartney was born.

1945 – William Joyce (Lord Haw-Haw) was charged with treason in the UK.

1953 – The Republic of Egypt was declared and the monarchy abolished.

1965 - The drink-drive limit was introduced, a blood alcohol limit for drivers with penalties for those caught above it.

2004 - U.S. hostage Paul Johnson Jr., an American helicopter engineer who lived in Saudi Arabia, was killed by his captors, despite pleas from senior Muslim clerics. His murder was recorded on video tape.

Interesting Word - Flip Flops

The term flip-flop is an onomatopoeiac word based on the sound made by the sandals when walking in them.

(Flip flops are no heel strap sandals, and although this style of sandal has been worn for centuries, the modern day flip flops have been worn in America and Britain since the 1970s. Sometimes the word is written flip-flops, and flipflops.

They are called thongs in Australia, jandals (originally a trademarked name derived from "Japanese sandals") in New Zealand, slops in South Africa, and tsinelas in the Philippines.)

Today

17th June

Flip flop day.


(This one is for +april sis+Im Bubbly ,  +Marianne Heredge , Natasha, Shiny et al.) 

On This Day

17th June

1579 – Sir Francis Drake claimed a land he called "Nova Albion" (modern California) for England.

1631 – Mumtaz Mahal died during childbirth. Her husband, Mughal emperor Shah Jahan I, then spent more than 20 years building her tomb, the Taj Mahal.

1882 - Igor Stravinsky, the Russian composer, was born.

1885 – The Statue of Liberty arrived in New York Harbour aboard the French ship Isere.

1939 – Last public guillotining in France took place. Eugen Weidmann, a convicted murderer, was guillotined in Versailles outside the prison Saint-Pierre.

1940 – The three Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania fell under the occupation of the Soviet Union.

1944 – Iceland declared independence from Denmark and became a republic.

1947 - Pan Am Airways was chartered as the world's first worldwide passenger airline.

1950 - The first documented kidney transplant took place in Chicago, on Ruth Tucker, a 44-year-old woman with polycystic kidney disease. Unfortunately the patient's body rejected the kidney.

1953 – In East Germany, the Soviet Union ordered a division of troops into East Berlin to quell a rebellion.

1961 - Soviet ballet dancer Rudolf Nureyev defected to the West while his troupe was in Paris.

1970 - Detectives investigating the disappearance of two children, Susan Blatchford, aged 11, and Gary Hanlon, aged 12, found a shallow grave on the edge of Epping Forest in Essex. The murders became known as "Babes in the wood" murders.

1974 - The IRA bombed the Houses of Parliament, causing extensive damage and injuring 11 people.

1991 – The South African Parliament repealed the Population Registration Act, which had required the racial classification of all South Africans at birth.

1994 – Following a televised low-speed highway chase, O.J. Simpson was arrested for the murders of his wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and her friend Ronald Goldman.

2008 - Hundreds of same-sex couples got married across California on the first full day that gay marriage became legal by order of the state's highest court. (However, Californian voters later passed Proposition 8, once again banning gay marriage.)

On This Day

16th June

1487 – The Battle of Stoke Field was fought. The final battle of the Wars of the Roses.

1586 – Mary Queen of Scots recognizes Philip II of Spain as her heir.

1779 – Spain declared war on Great Britain, and the siege of Gibraltar began.

1871 – The University Tests Act allowed students to enter the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Durham without religious tests, except for courses in theology.

1883 – Panic broke out at The Victoria Hall theatre, killing 183 children.

1903 – The Ford Motor Company was incorporated.

1915 – The British Women's Institute was founded.

1963 – Russian Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman in space.

1972 – Red Army Faction member Ulrike Meinhof was captured by police in Langenhagen.

1976 – A non-violent march by 15,000 students in Soweto, South Africa turned into days of rioting when police opened fire on the crowd and kiled 566 children.

1992 - Andrew Morton's explosive new book about Princess Diana, including claims she attempted suicide, was published.

Interesting Food - Food Waste

Anyone who was attended the sessions on food waste in Kitely will not be surprised to learn that supermarket giant Tesco has revealed that it generated 59,400 tonnes of food waste in 2015.

(To put this into perspective this is the equivalent of nearly 119 million meals.

In their defense, they are the only supermarket to publish the figures, and they have pledged to redistribute all edible food waste from stores to charities by the end of 2017.)

Today

June 15th

Happy Beer Day Britain

Two Beers

On This Day

15th June

1215 – King John of England put his seal to the Magna Carta.

1667 – The first human blood transfusion was administered by Dr. Jean-Baptiste Denys.

1752 – Benjamin Franklin proved that lightning is electricity.

1785 – Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier, co-pilot of the first-ever manned flight (1783), and his companion, Pierre Romain, became the first-ever casualties of an air crash when their hot air balloon exploded during an attempt to cross the English Channel.

1844 – Charles Goodyear received a patent for vulcanization, a process to strengthen rubber.

1877 – Henry Ossian Flipper became the first African American cadet to graduate from the United States Military Academy.

1909 – Representatives from England, Australia and South Africa met at Lord's and formed the ICC (Imperial Cricket Conference).

1911 – Tabulating Computing Recording Corporation (IBM) was incorporated.

1919 – John Alcock and Arthur Brown complete the first nonstop transatlantic flight at Clifden, County Galway, Ireland.

1920 - Three black circus workers were attacked and lynched by a mob in Duluth, Minnesota.

1934 – The U.S.'s Great Smoky Mountains National Park was founded.

1954 – UEFA (Union des Associations Européennes de Football) was formed in Basle, Switzerland.

1974 - Kevin Gately, a second year maths student at the University of Warwick died as a result of injuries received during an anti facist rally in central London.

1994 – Israel and Vatican City established full diplomatic relations.

1996 – An IRA bomb injured over 200 people and devastated a large part of Manchester's city centre.

2002 – Near earth asteroid 2002 MN missed the Earth by 75,000 miles (120,000 km), about one-third of the distance between the Earth and the Moon.

On This Day

14th June

1381 – Richard II met leaders of the Peasants' Revolt on Blackheath.

1381 - The Tower of London was stormed by rebels who entered without resistance.

1645 – Battle of Naseby – 12,000 Royalist forces were beaten by 15,000 Parliamentarian soldiers.

1648 – Margaret Jones was hanged in Boston for witchcraft.

1777 – The Stars and Stripes was adopted by Congress as the Flag of the United States.

1789 – Bounty mutiny survivors including Captain William Bligh and 18 others reached Timor after a nearly 7,400 km (4,000-mile) journey in an open boat.

1789 – Whisky distilled from corn was first produced by American clergyman the Rev Elijah Craig. He called it Bourbon because he lived in Bourbon County, Kentucky.

1822 – Charles Babbage proposed a difference engine in a paper to the Royal Astronomical Society entitled "Note on the application of machinery to the computation of astronomical and mathematical tables".

1839 – The village of Henley, on the River Thames in Oxfordshire, staged its first Regatta.

1907 – Norway adopted female suffrage.

1919 – John Alcock and Arthur Whitten Brown departed from St. John's, Newfoundland on the first nonstop transatlantic flight.

1927 – Jerome K. Jerome died.

1937 – The US House of Representatives passed the 1937 Marijuana Tax Act.

1938 – Action Comics issue one was released, introducing Superman.

1940 – German troops entered Paris.

1940 – A group of 728 Polish political prisoners from Tarnów became the first residents of the Auschwitz concentration camp.

1942 – Anne Frank began to keep a diary.

1946 – John Logie Baird died.

1962 – The European Space Research Organisation was established in Paris – later becoming ESA (the European Space Agency).

1966 – The Vatican announced the abolition of the index librorum prohibitum (index of prohibited books), which was originally instituted in 1557.

1982 – The Falklands War ended.

1985 – TWA Flight 847 was hijacked by Hezbollah terrorists shortly after take-off from Athens, Greece.

1991 – Dame Peggy Ashcroft died.

2001 – China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan formed the SCO (Shanghai Cooperation Organisation).

Interesting Fact - Work

According to a survey by the British Chiropractic Association (BCA) 1 in 10 Brits are walking from home - in bed!

(19% work from the sofa on their laptop, but now chiropractors are warning against the impact this could be having on the health of their back.

Now, as some of you know, I work from home, but I get up and go into the office when I'm running sessions. 

PS - I am writing this on the sofa.)


The BCA have put together a video on computer posture: http://www.chiropractic-uk.co.uk/For-You-89-Computer-Posture-119-ms.aspx

On This Day

10th June

1184 BC – The city of Troy was sacked and burned.

1509 – Henry VIII of England married Catherine of Aragon.

1692 - Salem Village. Bridget Bishop, the first colonist tried in the Salem witch trials, was hanged after being found guilty of the practice of witchcraft. (In 1956 the Massachusetts General Court passed an act exonerating her. Well that's alright then.)

1776 - Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, and Robert R. Livingston were appointed to the Committee of Five to draft the American declaration of independence.

1788 – Russian explorer Gerasim Izmailov reached Alaska.

1955 – Eighty-three people were killed and at least 100 injured after an Austin-Healey and a Mercedes-Benz collided at the 24 Hours of Le Mans.

1959 - The Hovercraft, invented by Christopher Cockerell, was officially launched in Southampton.

1962 – Frank Morris, John Anglin and Clarence Anglin became the only prisoners to successfully escape from Alcatraz Island prison.

1963 - Gov. George Wallace ended his blockade of the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa and allowed two African-Americans to enroll. (But only when faced with a troop from the Alabama National Guard.)

1967 – The Six-Day War ended when Israel and Syria agreed to a cease-fire.

1987 - Margaret Thatcher won a record third term as prime minister of Britain.

1998 – Catherine Cookson died.

2001 - Timothy McVeigh was executed for his part in the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing.

2002 – Antonio Meucci was acknowledged as the first inventor of the telephone by the United States Congress.

Interesting Fact - Sleep

According to the Sleep Council, the average Brit goes to bed at 11:15pm and gets just 6 hours and 35 minutes sleep per night.

(Yes, not all Brits are lightweights like me.)

On This Day

9th June

62 – Claudia Octavia commited suicide.

68 - Roman Emperor Nero commited suicide.

1934 – Donald Duck makes his debut in The Wise Little Hen.

1958 – Queen Elizabeth II officially opened London Gatwick Airport, (LGW).

1975 - BBC radio broadcast the first live transmission from the House of Commons.

1978 – The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (The Mormons) opened its priesthood to "all worthy men", ending a 148-year-old policy excluding black men.

1985 – Thomas Sutherland was kidnapped in Lebanon (he was not released until 1991).

1999 – The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and NATO (The North Atlantic Treaty Organization) signed a peace treaty.

Interesting Animal - Fish

According to research published in the Nature journal Scientific Reports, fish can remember faces.

(By training archerfish with food pellets as a reward,  with a random sequence of 44 faces, scientists were able to teach them to spit at a particular face, with an average accuracy of between 81 and 86 percent.  A researcher Cait Newport said "Obviously the first takeaway is that they could do it. They were distinguishing something really complicated. This also shows that the fish have surprisingly good memories. It certainly challenges the whole idea of a fish with a 30-second memory."

Did she really use the word takeaway?  I hope she hasn't trained her fish to recognise English.)


Source

On This Day

8th June

1949 - George Orwell's book 1984 (Nineteen eighty-four) was published.

Interesting Food - Red Wine

According to wine expert Jancis Robinson, author of The 24 Hour Wine Expert, any open bottle of wine – even a red – should be kept in the fridge.



(Seemingly the old adage of serving red wine at "room temperature" was coined before the advent of central heating. Nowadays room temperature tends to be too warm, and we are drinking tepid red wine. According to the experts, refrigerating lighter reds such as beaujolais and pinot noir brings out all their fresh fruit flavours, and full-bodied reds such as cabernet sauvignon, shiraz and malbec benefit from being served cooler (around 17 or 18°C).

Of course, it's unlikely we have any left in the bottle to store, but I'm going to try out this advice this weekend.

On This Day

6th June

1944 - Thousands of Allied troops began landing on the beaches of Normandy in northern France.

1966 - James Meredith, the first black man to brave the colour bar at the University of Mississippi, was shot in the back and legs while on a civil rights march.

1975 - British voters backed the UK's continued membership of the EEC by two-to-one in a nationwide referendum.

1984 - Nearly 300 people were killed as Indian troops stormed the Golden Temple in Amritsar, India, which was being held by Sikh militants.

Interesting Fact - The Common Good

In a survey that examines the good each country does for humanity as well as what it takes away, Britain has ranked 4th.

(The Good Country Index placed Sweden first, Denmark second, and the Netherlands third, but the UK came above France and Germany because Britain does more “good” and less harm than more than 150 countries around the world.

Britain came top for its global contribution to science and technology, thanks to the high number of journal exports, Nobel prizes and international publications it has produced,  was ranked 2nd on its global contribution to health and wellbeing, but it scored poorly on international security and peace, coming 64th out of 163 countries.

Simon Anholt, who created the Good Country Index, said that while countries must serve the interests of their people it should not be at the expense of other populations.  I think we could apply that to ourselves as individuals too.)

On This Day

5th June

1963 - The Secretary of State for War, John Profumo, resigned from government, resigns over a sex scandal, admitting he lied to Parliament about his relationship with a call girl.

On This Day

3rd June

1539 – Hernando De Soto, Spanish explorer and conquistador, claimed Florida for Spain.

1839 – Lin Tse-hsü destroyed 1.2 million kg of opium in Humen, confiscated from British merchants, providing Britain with a Casus belli to open hostilities with China, resulting in the First Opium War.

1924 – Franz Kafka died.

1937 – The Duke of Windsor married Wallis Simpson.

1940 – The Luftwaffe bombed Paris.

1946 - The first (modern) bikini bathing suit was displayed in Paris. Where else?

1956 – British Rail renamed 'Third Class' passenger facilities as 'Second Class'. Second Class facilities had been abolished in 1875, leaving just First Class and Third Class. (That's Britain for you.)

1989 – Troops attempted to force protesters out of Tiananmen Square after seven weeks of occupation.

Interesting People - Gillian Scott

Maybe the title of this should be boring people, as Ms Scott, an English teacher, has been struck off the teaching register in Scotland for two years after pupils and parents complained about her “boring” lessons.

(She has been removed following a seven-day hearing in Edinburgh where it was reported that she had spent three lessons reading a novel to one class without allowing them to ask questions, set the same essay task - titled "what I did in activities week" - for several different year groups, and shown one class a clip of Jurassic Park before making them copy what she said about characterisation in relation to the film.

Pupils at the school dubbed the lessons the "puni class" due to the disproportionate number of punishment exercises handed out.

To be fair, her lesson plans sound very similar to the ones I had to sit through in English literature.)

!Note - if you are struck off you are removed, from a position of power or responsibility after having done something wrong.

 

On This Day

2nd June

455 – The Vandals entered Rome, and plundered the city for two weeks.

1692 – Bridget Bishop was the first person to go to trial in the Salem witch trials in Salem, Massachusetts.

1793 – Jean-Paul Marat recited the names of 29 people to the French National Convention. Almost all of these people were guillotined, followed by 17,000 more over the course of the next year during the Reign of Terror.

1924 – U.S. President Calvin Coolidge signed the Indian Citizenship Act into law, granting citizenship to all Native Americans born within the territorial limits of the United States.

1946 – Italians voted to turn Italy from a monarchy into a Republic. After the referendum the king of Italy Umberto II di Savoia was exiled.

1953 - Queen Elizabeth II was crowned.

1966 - The United States landed a spacecraft on the Moon on its first try (four months behind the Soviet Union).

1985 - English clubs were banned from playing in Europe indefinitely, after the riot at Brussels' Heysel stadium in which 39 people died.

1994 - Twenty of Britain's top intelligence experts were killed when an RAF helicopter crashed on the Mull of Kintyre.

2003 – Europe launched its first voyage to another planet, Mars. The European Space Agency's Mars Express probe launched from the Baikonur space centre in Kazakhstan.

2005 – Samir Kassir, Lebanese journalist and teacher was murdered.

Interesting Food - Coffee

According to the British Coffee Association around 2,000,000,000 cups of coffee are consumed worldwide every day.

(According to market researchers, Mintel, in the UK we drink over 70 million cups a day, but 3/4 (74%) of all UK adults drink instant coffee, compared to around 1/2 (48%) who drink fresh coffee.

I stopped drinking instant when I left England, and I've never wanted to go back to the brown sludge.)

On This Day

1st June

193 – Roman Emperor Didius Julianus was murdered.

1495 – Friar John Cor recorded the first known batch of scotch whisky.

1533 – Anne Boleyn was crowned Queen of England.

1794 – The battle of the Glorious First of June was fought, the first naval engagement between Britain and France during the French Revolutionary Wars.

1869 – Thomas Edison received a patent for his electric voting machine.

1910 – Robert Falcon Scott's South Pole expedition left England.

1922 – The Royal Ulster Constabulary was founded.

1935 – The first driving tests were introduced in the United Kingdom.

1941 – The Farhud, a pogrom against Iraqi Jews, took place in Baghdad.

1942 – The Warsaw paper Liberty Brigade published the first news of the concentration camps.

1967 – The groundbreaking Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band album by The Beatles was released.

1970 - British Prime Minister Harold Wilson was egged.

1974 – The Heimlich maneuver for rescuing choking victims was published in the journal Emergency Medicine.

1979 – The first black-led government of Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) in 90 years took power, ending white minority rule.

1980 – Cable News Network (CNN) began broadcasting.

1990 – George H. W. Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev signed a treaty to end chemical weapon production.

1993 - The shelling by Serb forces of a football match killed 11 people, including four children.

2001 - The Nepal royal family was massacred.

2008 – Yves Saint Laurent died.